Tourism is an industry that has seen highs and lows over the years. While corporate sectors and industries form the backbone of any economy, it must be remembered that tourism is a sector that can bring in the big bucks, with good marketing and a consistent urge to reinvent and pip the interests of tourists. While service plays a huge role in engaging tourism, the economy on the other hand has played a huge role too in shaping he future of tourism hot spots across the world.
Rising incomes, cheaper air-fares and social media that gives information at a touch play a major role in contributing towards a country’s economy.Of late, however, the sector is going overboard, with ‘over-tourism’ becoming a key word in the Oxford dictionary. This sector needs to be regulated and managed to prevent negative impact and not destabilize locals and the environment, as footfalls are in the increase every other day.
Visitors to places like Machu Picchu in Peru, have found that the authorities have cleverly put time slots on a strict ticketing system, and restricted visiting hours, to balance the flow of visitors and thus prevent overcrowding. The number of visitors is the same. Amsterdam in The Netherlands has chronic overcrowding by tourists, and their narrow lanes are alleys are choc- a -bloc with tourists. However, the authorities have simply stopped advertising, and are now focusing on destination management, rather than promotion.
In Venice, it has been tourist liners which are responsible for high tourist numbers. The city has introduced a new levy on day-trippers. Venetians are addressing mass tourism directly by giving clear directions to tourists. Croatia is all about limiting the number of ocean liners. Iceland is looking to diversify it’s tourism.
Bruges in Belgium is extremely picturesque and again is resorting to restricting the number of cruise lines.Bali, Indonesia has seen steady flow of tourists and in huge numbers. The locals are worried about the impact on the fragile environment. Tourist management and planning are the only alternative to manage the huge crowds.
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India has long seen overcrowding. The government had announced a price hike end of last year to regulate their numbers. Santorini in Greece is also limiting the number of ocean liners that dock at the island’s famous caldera.
Edinburgh in Scotland has seen high percentage of tourists during their annual August festivals and have introduced a tourist tax to be paid by an individual every day. Rome, Italy, has brought in a number of regulations to improve behavior and boost respect for the city.
Barcelona in Spain is an extremely popular tourist spot. It is charging tax on overnight accommodation, and cruise passengers visiting for a day form part of overcrowding. Queenstown in New Zealand voted to introduce a bed tax, and is hoping to bring in fewer tourists with more spending power.