Some of the greatest achievements are really ancient. Yet, they still are durable and we can actually visit these wonders still.
The Chichen Itza in Mexico is one of the numerous UNESCO World Heritage sites. It is the most famous symbol of the once mighty Mayan civilization. This site emerged as a major economic and cultural center around 600 A.D. and was eventually abandoned to nature by the Yucatan Peninsula.The ruins were discovered in 1841 and has been a huge tourist destination for decades. The pyramid of El Castello (The Castle) is the best known structure of this once vast city.
Christ the Redeemer in Brazil was finished in 1931 but has secured a place among the historic wonders of the world. Standing 30 meters tall with hands outstretched at 28 meters, the mesmerizing statue of ‘art deco’ offers an amazing view of Rio de Janerio.
The Colosseum in Italy is a historic site that witnessed gladiator fights,chariot races, man vs.animal contests, and also mock naval battles. Emperor Vespasian ordered the construction in 71 A.D. It held around 50,000 spectators and also had a retractable awning to shield the Romans, considered a marvelous feat of engineering.
The Great Wall of China began around 220 B.C. to keep the nomadic people of the north out of the country.The Mongols, however successfully invaded China in the 13th century and established themselves in what is today known as Beijing, under the direction of Kublai Khan. Stretching for 8,852 kilometers, it is an outstanding example of superb military architecture, technology and art of ancient China.
The Machu Picchu in Peru is the most challenging site located at a high altitude in the Peruvian Andes. Apart from being isolated, the access comprises difficult terrain. It is the most splendid example of Incan architecture placed in a landscape of tropical forests. The Incas built it in the 15th century, but was abandoned after the Spanish invasion in the 16th century.
The Petra in Jordan is situated between the Dead Sea and the Red Sea, in the country’s south-western desert region. It was an important caravan stop between the Mediterranean and the far East. But it was abandoned in the 7th century A.D. Its is a unique structure, built into the natural sandstone of the region.
The famed Taj Mahal in India is actually an incredibly elaborate tomb and an enduring symbol of love. The structure was ordered by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 as a monument to his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It was completed in 1648. The white marble structure is in Agra, 22 kilometers south of the nation’s capital, New Delhi.